WOMEN'S WORLD CUP 2023
Male athletes have always received more attention from media, fans, and sports organizations (1).
As the 2023 Women’s World Cup approaches, it is important to look back at the history. The Women’s World Cup was established by FIFA only 32 years ago in 1991 (2). This year's series in Australia and New Zealand is only the ninth year of the tournament. The Men’s World Cup was first recognized in 1930, 61 years before the women’s. They have had 22 World Cups since then, nearly tripling the amount the women have competed in. The men have had eight different countries win the trophy, but the women have only had four.
Women's disadvantages in the World Cup go beyond wage differences and accommodations. In the 2015 Women's World Cup, artificial turf fields were used, whereas the men have always been able to play on natural grass. Turf fields can have many negative effects, which Alex Morgan, the two-time World Cup Champion has brought attention to.
(1) Even today, only 5% of TV broadcasts concern women-only competitions.
(2) Before 1991, unofficial World Cups had already been organized, notably in 1971 in Mexico, involving 6 countries including France, and in 1970 the Coppa del Mondo in Italy.
(3) The U.S. women's team has already won 4 World Cups, while the men's team has won none.