International Womens' Rights Day
."The interruption of sport practice has weakened amateur football, especially women's football"
.In May 2020, after two months of uncertainties, the FFF officially decides to put an end to the 2019-2020 season of the women's D1 (1). Olympique Lyonnais was then titled for the 14th time in a row. This stop weakened football, whether professional or amateur.
.“A symbolic milestone crossed but a French delay in terms of feminization”
.In March 2020, an important milestone was reached in France, with the number of licensees having reached the symbolic mark of 200,000 licensees, i.e. a growth of 128% in 8 years. However, this development risks being slowed down by the health crisis. According to published figures, the crisis led to a decrease in the number of FFF licensees (men and women combined) by 3% (a much smaller drop than in other team sports (4) which was on average 9.4%)
.Maternity leave measures
FIFA has announced measures to facilitate maternity leave for professional football players. A crucial subject for the career of the players. Too often players today have to make a choice: play soccer or start a family. So that this choice does not have to exist anymore, FIFA wants the players to be able to be pregnant while not putting their careers in danger.
.Equal pay in football overview of progress
.In 2017, the Norwegian Football Federation announced equal pay between the women's and men's teams. Australia, often a pioneer in equality, was doing the same in 2019, as was Finland.
.Mara Gomez, first transgender woman to play a professional match
.Mara Gomez will mark football's history forever. Indeed, this 23-year-old Argentinian became the first transgender player to play in a professional football match last december. Playing for Villa San Carlos in the Argentinian First Division, the player was able from the age of 18 to change the information on her identity card. Argentina is one of the pioneer countries in Latin America regarding gender identity, the country having passed a law on this subject in 2012 (8).
.Stéphanie Frappart, the meteoric rise
.Stéphanie Frappart has experienced a meteoric rise. In 2014, the 37-year-old referee became the first woman to officiate a professional men's football match. She will not stop breaking records thereafter. Indeed, in 2019, she referees a Ligue 1 match making her the first woman to referee a Ligue 1 match. Logically, she is selected to be part of the referees of the 2019 Women's World Cup, and is appointed to referee the final on July 7, 2019 in Lyon. In December 2020, Stéphanie Frappart enters history by refereeing back in time to referee her first men's Champions League match. French arbitration has a bright future ahead of it!
.TV rights on the rise
.After the success and media coverage of the World Cup in 2019, women's football continues to attract broadcasters, and TV rights are on the rise. Proof of this is that the women's D1 (first European championship in terms of TV rights) has been broadcasted internationally since this season. The FFF has in fact signed a partnership agreement with channels in the United States (ESPN), the United Kingdom (BT Sports), Germany (DAZN) and Italy.
.7 like the number of Champions League titles won by OL Female. Winner of Wolfsburg by the score of 3-1 in August 2020, the teammates of Wendie Renard won for the 5th time in a row the Champions League. OL Female is the French collective sports club, in all disciplines, which has the most important European records.
.Women's football and cinema
.Olympique Lyonnais was the subject of a documentary: "Les Joueuses #Pas là pour danser".Released in 2020 and directed by Stéphanie Gillard, the documentary presents the 2018-2019 season of Olympique Lyonnais, who achieved that season the triple Championship, Coupe de France and Champions League treble.
The creation of new flagship teams and women's leagues
(1) L'Équipe, Coronavirus : la FFF acte la fin de la saison en D1 féminine et National 1, 28/04/20
(2) FIFPro, Global survey shows ongoing impact of Covid-19 pandemic on womenfootballers, 11/11/20
(3) Le Parisien, Football féminin : répartition des 6 millions d’euros d’aide, les clubs «amateurs» de D 1 et D 2 ont été entendus, 9/10/20
(4) Le Sport au Féminin, Covid-19 : Le sport français fragilisé par la chute du nombre de licenciés, 15/11/20
(5) Fondation Jean Jaurès, La Covid a-t-elle tué le football féminin ?, 10/09/20
(6) Franceinfo, La Fifa va imposer un congé maternité pour les footballeuses, 19/11/20
(7) L’Equipe, Etats-Unis : les joueuses déboutées par un juge dans leur demande d'égalité salariale, 02/05/20
(8) Courrier Interntional, La footballeuse transgenre Mara Gómez dispute un premier match historique en Argentine, 08/12/20
(9) Women Sports, “Les droits du foot féminin explosent : TF1 et Canal + achètent l’Euro-2021”, 23/02/21